Saturday, June 27, 2020

What to know about leukemia

What to know about leukemia.

Leukemia is a cancer that develops in the spinal cord.  Within the spinal cord are a type of immature blood cells called stem cells.  These cells have an early neutral state and later develop into different types of blood cells (white blood cells, red blood cells and platelets).  Leukemia interferes with the normal process of cell maturation, whereby the accumulation of blood cells in the body parts partially develops and subsequently the blood.

     The direct causes of leukemia are still unknown.  Today, medical science is unable to determine the specific causes of leukemia.  However, there was a strong correlation between genetic factors and the development of the disease

    Facts of childhood leukemia.

  Leukemia occurs beneath defective genes that cause incomplete proliferation of cells in incomplete, partially mature blood.  In addition, leukemia has a hereditary character, which allows the transmission of a genetic tendency for the disease from one generation to another.

     Chronic leukemia also causes severe disability at the cellular level, leading to overgrowth of abnormal cells.  However, unlike acute leukemia, the chronic form of the disease allows affected cells to reach more advanced stages of development.  As a result, the rate of progression of chronic leukemia is low.

     The most common type of leukemia in children aged 3–15 is acute lymphoblastic leukemia.  Due to the fact that acute lymphocytic leukemia affects children, it is known as childhood leukemia.  Childhood leukemia is rare in children 3 years of age or older.  While there is no cure for childhood leukemia in modern medicine, currently available medical treatments and treatments can delay disease progression and, in some cases, even relieve leukemia altogether.

     In case of acute leukemia, abnormal cells from primitive cells, immature.  These forms of the disease have a much faster rate of development due to the fact that normal stem cells often multiply.  Leukemia cells generally do not divide more rapidly and more often than normal stem cells, just stop the division process when they should be.  Sometimes the white blood cell count is very high, while in other cases it may be normal or low.

 Symptoms of leukemia. 

 High fever, abnormal bleeding, injury and prolonged periods.  Sometimes symptoms begin with a low fever, weakness, chills, recurrent infection, or fatigue, before or after visibility becomes permanent.

  Types of leukemia.

 Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is more common in adults and causes rapid growth of immature white blood cells in the bone marrow that displaces normal cells and the proliferation of these cells does not function throughout the body.  It interferes with the normal functioning of normal blood cells.

     Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is most common in children under fifteen.  In this type of leukemia there is rapid growth of malignant cells, immature white blood cells that pass through normal white blood cells.  Responds well to the treatment of such leukemia if detected early.

   Leukemia is a cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow.  There are two types of leukemia, chronic and acute, treated differently and with different symptoms.  Acute leukemia increases rapidly and requires immediate and aggressive treatment.  Symptoms of chronic leukemia may take months or even years and require immediate treatment, but require continuous monitoring.

     Chemotherapy uses chemicals to treat cancer.  Which causes many side effects such as hair loss, nausea and low immune system.  The full course of treatment, including maintenance, can be of two to five years.  It is the most common form of leukemia with the desired result in complete remission.  Even without symptoms, continuous monitoring should be done to prevent a continuation.

 Treatment of leukemia.

   Radiation therapy is another form of treatment.  It is painless and low doses cause very few side effects.  The level of detection to determine if radiation is concentrated and side effects, if any, and their severity.  Some possible side effects are skin damage, inflammation, and infertility.

     A bone marrow transplant is an effective way to prolong the life of cancer patients.  However, it is a risky surgery and it can be difficult to get a donor.  These surgeries should be performed in specialist hospitals of cancer surgery.  This surgery has a high mortality rate and is therefore used only in fatal cases.

     Immunotherapy is a method of stimulating the body's immune system that can attack cancer cells.  This type of treatment is still in its infancy and in continuous development.  It is believed that this type of treatment may be less harmful than chemotherapy or radiotherapy and may one day replace these treatments as a method of treating cancer.

     Prolonged treatment of leukemia can lead to anemia.  This side effect can be treated with blood transfusion or platelet transfusion.  There are risks in transfusion of blood transfusions, but are believed to help reduce the risk of complications such as heart attacks.  The dose of antibiotics is usually prescribed to patients with leukemia who help to combat the risk of infection from the immune system or side effects of treatment.

    Currently around 200,000 people in the United States suffer from leukemia and 35,000 new cases will be diagnosed this year.  It is the leading cause of death among people under 20 years of age.  There are several treatment facilities in the United States that specializes in the treatment of cancer.  Early diagnosis, aggressive treatment and monitoring will help prolong life and increase a person's chances.