Saturday, April 25, 2020

arthritis prevention

                          arthritis prevention 

What is arthritis.

The word arthritis literally means joint inflammation, but the term is commonly used to modify a group of more than 100 arthritis diseases that can cause joint pain, cough, and swelling.  These diseases can affect not only the joints but also other parts of the body, including vital supporting structures such as muscles, bones, tendons and ligaments, as well as some internal organs.

 What is pain

 The body has a pain alert system, alerting you that something is wrong.  The International Association for the Study of Pain defines it as an unpleasant experience involving contemporary or potential tissue damage to a person's body.  Cells (neurons) of the specialized nervous system that transmit pain signals are found throughout the skin and other tissues of the body.  For example, when a harmful agent such as a sharp knife comes into contact with your skin, chemical signals reach your brain through neurons from the skin to the spinal cord, where they are pronounced as pain.

 Most forms of arthritis pain are associated with pain, which can be divided into two general categories: acute and chronic pain.  Acute pain is temporary.  It may last for a few seconds or longer but occurs in the form of healing.  As seen in people with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, it can range from mild to severe and last a lifetime for weeks, months and years.

 How many Americans have arthritis pain?

 Chronic pain is a major health problem in the United States and is one of the most debilitating effects of arthritis.  More than 40 million Americans are affected by arthritis in some form, and many have chronic pain that limits daily activity.  Osteoarthritis is by far the most common form of arthritis, infecting more than 20 million Americans, while rheumatoid arthritis, which infects about 2.1 million Americans, is the most disabling form of the disease.

 What causes arthritis pain?  Why is it so variable?

 Arthritis pain can come from various sources.  These may include inflammation of the synovial membrane (the tissue that lines the jones), tendons, or ligaments;  muscle strain;  And fatigue.  A combination of these factors contributes to the intensity of pain.

 Arthritis pain varies greatly from person to person, for reasons that the Dr. does not yet fully understand.  Factors that contribute to pain include swelling, heat or redness within the joint, or damage within the joint.  Also, movements affect pain differently, so some patients notice pain in their joints after getting up from bed in the morning, while others develop pain after prolonged use of the joints.  Each person has a different threshold and tolerance for pain, often influenced by both physical and emotional factors.  These can include depression, anxiety, and even pain at infant sites due to inflammation and tissue injury.  This agitated sensitivity affects the amount of pain perceived by the person.

 How does Dr. measure arthritis pain?

 Pain is a personal, unique experience that cannot be seen.  The most common way to relieve pain is to ask the doctor, the patient, about your difficulties.  You can use words like pain, burning, pricking, or palpitations.  These words will give Dr. a clear picture of the pain you are experiencing.

 Since Dr.  To help guide treatment depends on your pain, you may want to keep the pain's di to record your pain sensations.  You can start a week or two before meeting Dr.  On a daily basis, you can describe the conditions that can cause or change the intensity of your pain, your pain sensations and objectivity, and your response to pain.  Example: Suddenly a sharp pain in my knees interrupts my sleep at night, I had a hard time getting out of bed due to morning pain.  However, I ached about my medication.  Faced up.  And put ice on my knees.  The other day, Dr.  Will have some knowledge about your pain and the role it plays in managing your disease.  Is.

 When you first get a Dr. for your arthritis pain.  What will happen if you go?

 Dr.  Usually do the following:

 Take your medical history and ask questions like, how long have you been experiencing pain?  How intense is the pain?  Does this happen very often?  What causes it to deteriorate?  What makes it better?

 Review the medicines you are using

 Conduct a physical examination to determine the cause of pain and how this pain is affecting your ability to function.

 Take blood and / or urine samples and is a type of laboratory work required

 Ask you to take an x ​​ray or undergo other sharing procedures such as CAT scan (Empirical Axial Tomography) or MRI (magnetic resonance mimicry) to see how much joint damage has been done.

 Once the doctor has done these things and reviewed the results of any tests or procedures, he will discuss the findings with you and take a comprehensive management approach to the pain caused by your osteoarthritis or rheumatoid arthritis.

 arthritis treatment.

 Many specialists may be involved in gout disease care - often using a team approach.  The team may include doctors who treat people with arthritis (rheumatologists), surgeons (orthopedists), and physical and occupational therapists.  Their goal is to treat all aspects of arthritis pain and help you learn to test your pain.

 How is arthritis pain treated?

 There is no single treatment that applies to everyone with arthritis, rather Dr.  Will develop a management plan designed to reduce your specific pain and improve the function of your joints.  Many treatments can provide relief from short-term pain.

 Short term relief

 Medications - Because there is very little inflammation in people with osteoarthritis, pain relievers such as acetaminophen (Tylenol *) may be effective.  Patients with rheumatoid arthritis typically have pain due to inflammation and often benefit from aspirin or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSA) such as ibuprofen (Motrate / Advil).

 Heat and cold - The effect of heat or cold in arthritis pain depends on the type of arthritis and should be discussed with your doctor or physical therapist.  Moist heat, such as a bath or shower, or dry heat, such as a heating pad, placed on a painful area of ​​the joints for about 15 minutes, can relieve pain.  An ice pack (or a bag of frozen vegetables) wrapped in a towel and placed on the throat area for about 15 minutes can help reduce swelling and prevent pain.  If you have bad nouns, do not use cold packs.

 Joint protection - The use of a splint or brace can be helpful to relax the joints and protect them from injury.  Your doctor or physical therapist can make recommendations.

 Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) - A small TENS device that directs mild electric pulses to nerve endings that are located under the skin in the painful area, can relieve some arthritis pain.  Tens brain seems to work by stopping pain attack and modulating pain perception.

 Massage - For the relief of arthritis pain, a massage therapist gently kneads strokes and / or painful muscles.  This can increase blood flow and bring heat to a stressed area.  However, arthritis-stressed joints are very sensitive, so the physician should be familiar with disease problems.

 Osteoarthritis and arthritis are chronic diseases that can last a lifetime.  Learning to manage your pain in the long term is an important factor in controlling disease and maintaining a good quality of life.

 Arthritis medicines.

 Biological behavior modifiers - These new drugs used for the treatment of rheumatism reduce inflammation in joints by inhibiting the response to a substance called tumor necross factor, which is an immune system protein involved in the immune system response.  These drugs include Enbrel and Remicade.

 Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) - These are a class of drugs including aspirin and ibuprofen used to reduce the pain and inflammation of arthritis and for short-term and blood pressure related diseases in people with chronic osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis  .  can be done.  .  NSAIDs also include Celebrex, one of the so-called COX-2 inhibitors, known to cause an inflammatory response to a computer.

 Anti-Rheumatic Drugs (DMARDs) - These are medications used to treat people with arthritis who have no response to NSAIDs.  Some of these include the new drug Arva and methotrexate, hydroxychloroquine, penicillin and gold injections.  These drugs are thought to affect and correct the abnormalities of the immune system responsible for the disease like rheumatoid arthritis.  Careful monitoring by a physician is required to avoid the effects of treatment with these drugs.

 Corticosteroids - These are hormones that are very effective in treating arthritis but cause many effects.  It can be given by injection.  Prednisone is the most frequent oral corticosteroid used to reduce arthritis inflammation.  In both rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis, Drs.  Corticosteroids may also be injected into the affected joint to prevent pain.  Because cartilage can be damaged by frequent injections, they should be done only once or twice a year.

 Other Products - Hyaluronic Acid products such as Hyalgan and Synvisc mimic a naturally found body substance that lubricates the knee joint and allows painful joint movement without pain.  A blood-filtering device called prosorba column is used in some health care facilities to filter out harmful cancers in people with severe rheumatic aches and pains.

 Weight loss - Extra weight of the body puts additional stress on joints such as cubes or hips.  Studies have shown that overweight women who lose weight on average have significantly reduced the development of osteoarthritis in their knees.  In addition, the reduction in weight will reduce the chance of a second knee.

 Exercise - Swimming, walking, low impact aerobic exercise, and range-of-motion exercises can do to reduce joint pain and dirt.  In addition, stretching exercises are helpful.  Which will give you the most benefit.

 Surgery - Surgery may be required in some patients with arthritis.  The surgeon may perform an operation to remove the synovium (synovatomy), remove the joint (osteotomy), or in women in advanced cases replace the prosthesis with an articular (arthroplasty).  Total joint contact has not only relieved pain, but has also improved the speed of many people with arthritis.

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